FULLER, R, Margaret (1810-1850) -- who had studied the works of John Locke with Lydia Maria Childs -- came under the influence of the transcendalists Ralph Waldo Emerson and Bronson Alcott. Fuller began to publish in the Dial (Boston, 1840-1844), the periodical of the Club of Transcendentalists. Indeed, between 1840-42, Fuller acted as editor. Her book Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845; N.Y.: Norton, 1971) grew from an essay in the Dial and presaged the concept of 'sisterhood'. The book has become an American classic.
Fuller also worked as a literary critic for the New York Tribune; many of her articles were collected in Papers on Literature and Art (N.Y.: Wiley & Putnam, 1846). Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli (2 vols., 1852; N.Y.: Burt Franklin, 1972) ed. Ralph Waldo Emerson, William H. Channing and James Freeman Clarke provides excellent background material. Mason Wade's Margaret Fuller: Whetstone of Genius (N.Y.: Viking, 1940) provides valuable biographical data. The Woman and the Myth: Margaret Fuller's Life and Writing (Old Westbury, N.Y.: The Feminist Press, 1976) by Bell Gale Chevigny mixes biography with reprints of Fuller's material. The range of her work is well represented in The Writings of Margaret Fuller ed. Mason Wade, (N.Y.: Viking, 1941) which includes a full listing of periodical contributions. The Essential Margaret Fuller (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers, 1992) ed. Jeffrey Steele is also valuable.
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